Posts tagged ‘Bishop of Constantinople’

Saint Eutychius of Constantinople

Saint Eutychius of ConstantinopleAlso known as

  • Eutichio

Memorial

Profile

The son of Alexander, a general in the imperial Byzantine army of Belisarius. Monk at Amasea in Pontus (in modern Turkey) at age 30. Archimandrite of a monastery in Constantinople (modern Istanbul, Turkey). Patriarch of Constantinople from 552, nominated by Justinian the Great and confirmed by Pope Vigilius. With Apollinarius of Alexandria and Domnus III of Antioch, he called and led a council from 5 May to 2 June 553 to deal with the Three-Chapter Controversy, and Eutychius composed the decree against the Chapters. He consecrated the re-building of the Hagia Sophia church in 562.

Beginning in 564, Eutychius came into theological conflict with emperor Justinian who began to believe the Aphthartodocetae who taught that Jesus’s body was incorrupt, not subject to pain, and thus that he was not fully human as well as fully God. Bishop Eutychius began to speak and write against this heresy, which led to his arrest, while celebrating Mass, on 22 January 565. Justinian tried to have a show trial, but Eutychius refused to cooperate, which led to him being exiled for over 12 years.

In October 577, with the support of emperor Justin II, Eutychius was recalled and resumed his seat as patriarch of Constantinople. He was welcomed back to the city by Christians who were so happy to see him that there was a festival and banquets; the Communion line at his first Mass lasted six hours. Toward the end of his life, Eutychius got it into his head that the return of Christ would be spiritual, with no physical return, which is heretical, but he later returned to orthodox thinking on the matter. A surviving biography of his life was written by his chaplain, Eustathius of Constantinople.

Born

  • c.512 in Theion, Phrygia

Died

Canonized

Additional Information

MLA Citation

  • “Saint Eutychius of Constantinople“. CatholicSaints.Info. 5 April 2019. Web. 19 January 2020. <>

Pope Gregory XII

Pope Gregory XIIIAlso known as

  • Angelo Coraria
  • Angelo Corrario
  • Angelo Corraro
  • Angelo Correr

Profile

Born to the nobility. Bishop of Città di Castello in 1380. Patriarch of Constantinople in 1390. Apostolic secretary to Pope Innocent VII. Papal legate to Ancona, Italy. Cardinalpriest in 1405. Chosen 205th pope, elected unanimously in hopes he could end the Great Schism; he swore before and after the election that he would abdicate if the Benedict XIII, the anti-pope in Avignon, would do the same.

Gregory negotiated meetings and abdication agreements with Benedict, but his rival never followed through on them. The endless negotiations, while simultaneously taking care of daily business, caused Gregory to re-think his vow to abdicate. The cardinals, seeing that Gregory might not step down as he had promised, began to turn against him. Gregory ordered them sequestered in Lucca, Italy, and created four new cardinals of his nephews. Seven of the cardinals fled Lucca, joined with some of Benedict’s cardinals, and called a general council at Pisa, Italy in March 1409. Neither Gregory nor Benedict attended, and on 5 June 1409 the cardinals deposed them both as schismatics; they elected Alexander V on 26 June 1409. Gregory created ten more cardinals, convened them at Cividale del Friuli, and declared Benedict and Alexander to be schismatics.

The matter was finally settled on 4 July 1415 at the Council of Constance when Gregory abdicated. He was appointed cardinalbishop of Porto and papal legate to Ancona, and lived his remaining two years quietly, administering his see and praying for healing in the Church, having been the last pope of the Western Schism.

Born

Papal Ascension

Died

Additional Information

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Gregory XII“. CatholicSaints.Info. 13 February 2019. Web. 19 January 2020. <>

Blessed Enrico Comentina

Blessed Enrico ComentinaAlso known as

  • Enrico of Asti
  • Henry…

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Born to the nobility. Papal auditor. Bishop of Negroponte. Papal legate in Asia Minor where he worked for the union of Greek and Latin Churches. Patriarch of Constantinople in 1339. Negotiated an alliance between King Hugh IV of Cyprus and the Knights Hospitaler against the Turks in 1342. Pope Clement VI appointed him papal legate in the crusade against Smyrna. Martyred while celebrating Mass.

Died

Patronage

Additional Information

MLA Citation

  • “Blessed Enrico Comentina“. CatholicSaints.Info. 12 January 2019. Web. 19 January 2020. <>

Saint Cyrus of Constantinople

Also known as

  • Ciro
  • Cyr
  • Kyros

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Profile

Monk in Amasra and Paflagonia. Bishop and patriarch of Constantinople, c.705. He helped prevent the new emperor from exacting some of the revenge against his political opponents. Deposed from his see in 712 when Emperor Filippico took the Byzantine throne, he spent his final years as a monk at the Chora Abbey in Constantinpople.

Died

Canonized

Additional Information

MLA Citation

  • “Saint Cyrus of Constantinople“. CatholicSaints.Info. 4 December 2018. Web. 19 January 2020. <>

Saint Tharasius

Also known as

  • Father of the Poor

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Profile

Ninth century patriarch of Constantinople. A man of great learning and personal piety, he led his flock through the Iconoclasm heresy, and worked against the cruel empress Irene. Pope Adrian I addressed an epistle to him in support of his work against the Iconoclasts. In addition to problems with the heretics, he was endlessly in trouble with the Byzantine courts and mobility for denouncing their vices and worldly ways.

Died

Canonized

Additional Information

MLA Citation

  • “Saint Tharasius“. CatholicSaints.Info. 5 November 2019. Web. 19 January 2020. <>

Saint Nicholas the Mystic

Memorial

Profile

Patriarch of Constantinople. Deposed and exiled by emperor Leo VI when he opposed the emperor’s fourth marriage, which was prohibited by the laws of the Eastern Church.

Canonized

Additional Information

MLA Citation

  • “Saint Nicholas the Mystic“. CatholicSaints.Info. 11 May 2016. Web. 19 January 2020. <>

Saint Stachys of Constantinople

Also known as

  • Stachis

Memorial

Profile

First bishop of Constantinople, ordained by Saint Andrew the Apostle. Greeted by Saint Paul the Apostle in the Epistle to the Romans.

Canonized

Additional Information

Readings

Greet Urbanus, our co-worker in Christ, and my beloved Stachys. – Romans 16:9, New American Bible

MLA Citation

  • “Saint Stachys of Constantinople“. CatholicSaints.Info. 19 October 2016. Web. 19 January 2020. <>

Saint Menas of Constantinople

detail of a 14th century fresco of Mina, Patriarch of Constantinople; artist unknown; northern wall of the nave of the northern wing of the Gracanica Monastery, Kosovo, Serbia; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsAlso known as

  • Mennas
  • Mina
  • Minas

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Profile

Superior of the hospice of Saint Samson in Constantinople. Patriarch of Constantinople, ordained and consecrated by Pope Saint Agapetus in 536 to replace Anthimus who had fallen into the monophysite heresy. Led the synod of Constantinople in 536. Consecrated the church of Hagia Sophia. Subscribed to the Edict of the Emperor Justinian condemning the documents known as the “Three Chapters” for which he was excommunicated by Pope Vigilius in 551; he immediately submitted to papal authority.

Born

Died

Canonized

Additional Information

MLA Citation

  • “Saint Menas of Constantinople“. CatholicSaints.Info. 3 February 2019. Web. 19 January 2020. <>

Saint Proclus of Constantinople

Saint Proclus of ConstantinopleMemorial

Profile

Lector while still a student. Secretary to and spiritual student of Saint John Chrysostom. Priest. Chosen archbishop of Cyzicus, but the people of that city saw him as being under the control of Constantinople, and refused to accept him. Noted preacher in Constantinople. When Nestorius was chosen patriarch of Constantinople and began openly spreading the teachings that became known as the Nestorian heresy, Proclus continued to preach orthodox Christianity. Archbishop of Constantinople in 434. Friend and frequent correspondent with Saint Cyril of Alexandria. The Armenian bishops turned to him for analysis of the writings of other leaders. Noted for his forgiveness of heretics who wished to return to the Church, but his defense of and insistence on adherance to the true teachings of the Church. Many of his letters, sermons and teachings have survived. Hands-on leader of his clergy and minister to his flock following a destructive earthquake in early 447 that led many to live in open fields for fear of collapsing buildings; legend says that he led the people in prayers that stopped the quakes.

Born

Died

Canonized

Additional Information

Readings

A man full of piety, perfectly skilled in ecclesiastical discipline, and a strict observer of the canons. Saint Cyril of Alexandria on Saint Proclus

MLA Citation

  • “Saint Proclus of Constantinople“. CatholicSaints.Info. 15 February 2019. Web. 19 January 2020. <>

Saint Nicholas Chrysoberges

Memorial

Profile

Patriarch of Constantinople from 983.

Died

  • 996 of natural causes

Canonized

Additional Information

MLA Citation

  • “Saint Nicholas Chrysoberges“. CatholicSaints.Info. 18 October 2013. Web. 19 January 2020. <>