Pope Nicholas V

Pope Nicholas VAlso known as

  • The Great Humanist
  • Tomaso Parentucelli

Profile

Son of a physician; his father died when Tomaso was young. Tutor to two leading Florentine houses where he met humanist scholars and became involved in their movement. Received a degree in theology at Bologna, Italy in 1422. Travelled through Germany, France and England, studying and collecting books. Attended the Council of Ferrara-Florence in 1444. Bishop of Bologna, Italy. Papal legate to Frankfurt with a mission to strengthen ties between the papacy and the Holy Roman Empire. Created cardinalpriest of Santa Susanna in December 1446. Chosen 208th pope, taking the name Nicholas in honour of his benefactor Blessed Nicholas Albergati.

Made the Concordat of Vienna with Frederick III on 17 February 1448 by which the Germans remained faithful to the Roman Church, and Frederick was assured the crown of the Empire. Obtained the 7 April 1449 resignation of anti-pope Felix V, ending the Council of Basel. Held a jubilee in Rome in 1450. At the request of James II of Scotland, he issued a Bull in 14501451, providing for the foundation of the University of Glasgow. Granted self-government to Rome, and made it a center for artists, craftsmen, and artisans; patron of humanist artists, scholars and writers. Reformed clerical abuses in France and Germany. Crowned Frederick III as Holy Roman Emperor in 1452, the last time the coronation occurred in Rome. Commissioned Fra Angelico to work on the Vatican buildings; reinforced Rome‘s fortifications and paved many of the streets. Established the Vatican library and employed a small army of copyists. Worked for re-unification with the Greeks, but failed. Pope during the fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Turks in 1453.

Born

Papal Ascension

Died

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Nicholas V“. CatholicSaints.Info. 14 October 2021. Web. 16 October 2021. <>