Pope Gregory VIII

Pope Gregory VIIIAlso known as

  • Albert de Morra
  • Alberto di Morra

Profile

Beneventan noble. Well educated. Cistercian monk at a young age. Created cardinaldeacon in 1155 by Pope Adrian IV. Created cardinalpriest in Lucina in 1158. Papal chancellor to Pope Alexander III in 1172, the last cardinal to have the title of chancellor for centuries. Papal legate to England to investigate the murder of Saint Thomas a Becket. Papal legate to Portugal, crowning King Alfonso II. Papal legate to Dalmatia. The College of Cardinals selected Cardinal Henry, monk of Clairvaux to succeed Pope Urban III, but he refused and worked for the election of Albert de Morra. Chosen 173rd pope.

Learned and zealous in religious affairs, he was noted for being gentle with all. Worked for the reconquest of Jerusalem, and ordered a general fast throughout Christendom as a mark of grief for its loss. Worked for reconciliation of the Church with Emperor Barbarossa. Died while trying to re-arm Pisa and Genoa in order to fight the Saracens, and bring the two disputing republics together. His papacy lasted a mere eight weeks.

Born

Papal Ascension

Died

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Gregory VIII“. CatholicSaints.Info. 12 February 2019. Web. 30 November 2020. <>