New Catholic Dictionary – Pope Pius VII

Pope Pius VIIArticle

Reigned from 21 March 1800 to 20 August 1823. Born on 17 August 1740 at Cesena, Italy as Barnaba Chiaramonti; died on 20 August 1823 at Rome, Italy. He was educated at the college for nobles, Ravenna, and entered the Benedictine Order in 1256. Before his elevation to the papacy he was bishop of Tivoli, and of Imola, and cardinal. During his pontificate he erected the dioceses of Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Bardstown, Charleston, Richmond, and Cincinnati in the United States. The religious question in France was settled by the Concordat of 1801. The Papal States were restored at the Congress of Vienna from 1814 to 1815, through the efforts of Consalvi, cardinal secretary of state. The English, Scottish, and German colleges at Rome were reopened. The Society of Jesus was reestablished for the Universal Church, 1814. Pius was held prisoner by Napoleon from 1809 to 1814, first at Savona and later at Fontainebleau, yet pleaded with the prince-regent of England for the fallen tyrant during his imprisonment at Saint Helena from 1815 to 1821. During his reign Rome was the abode of the artists Canova, Thorwaldsen, Führich, Overbeck, Pforr, Schadow, and Cornelius.

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Pius VII”. New Catholic Dictionary. CatholicSaints.Info. 27 May 2017. Web. 18 September 2021. <>