New Catholic Dictionary – Pope Pius VI

Pope Pius VIArticle

Reigned from 22 February 1775 to 29 August 1799. Born on 25 December 1717 in Cesena, Italy as Giovanni Angelico Braschi; died in 29 August 1799 at Valence, France. Before election he was papal secretary, treasurer of the Roman Church, and cardinal. As pope he condemned Febronianism and journeyed to Austria to curb the anti-clerical legislation of Emperor Joseph II. After the American Revolution (1775 to 1781), Pius released the American clergy from the jurisdiction of the Vicar Apostolic in England. He appointed Reverend John Carroll superior of the Mission of the Thirteen United States of North America in 1784, and erected the See of Baltimore in 1789. His rejection of the Civil Constitution of the French clergy caused the French to retaliate by annexing papal territory. Under Napoleon, Rome was sacked and proclaimed a republic in 1798. Pius refused to submit, and was borne in captivity to Valence, where he died.

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Pius VI”. New Catholic Dictionary. CatholicSaints.Info. 2 June 2017. Web. 25 February 2021. <>