Encyclopedia Britannica – Juan de Palafox de Mendoza

detail of a oil painting of 'Viceroy Juan de Palafox y Mendoza', date and artist unknown; currently in the Salón de Virreyes of the Museo Nacional de Historia, Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City, Mexico; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

(1600-1659), Spanish bishop, was born in Aragon. He was appointed in 1839 bishop of Angelopolis (Puebla de los Angeles) in Mexico, and there honourably distinguished himself by his efforts to protect the natives from Spanish cruelty, forbidding any methods of conversion other than persuasion. In this he met with the uncompromising hostility of the Jesuits, whom in 1647 he laid under an interdict. He twice, in 1647 and 1649, laid a formal complaint against them at Rome. The pope, however, refused to approve his censures, and all he could obtain was a brief from Innocent X (14 May 1648), commanding the Jesuits to respect the episcopal jurisdiction. In 1653 the Jesuits succeeded in securing his translation to the little see of Osma in Old Castile. In 1694 Charles II of Spain petitioned for his canonization; but though this passed through the preliminary stages, securing for Palafox the title of “Venerable,” it was ultimately defeated, under Pius VI, by the intervention of the Jesuits.

MLA Citation

  • Hippolyte Delehate. “Juan de Palafox de Mendoza”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911. CatholicSaints.Info. 31 December 2019. Web. 4 August 2021. <>