Catholic Encyclopedia – Saints Peter Baptist and Twenty-Five Companions

[Pictorial Lives of the Saints: The Martyrs of Japan]Article

Died at Nagasaki, 5 February 1597. In 1593 while negotiations were pending between the Emperor of Japan and the Governor of the Philippine Islands, the latter sent Peter Baptist and several other Franciscans as his ambassadors to Japan. They were well received by the emperor, and were able to establish convents, schools, and hospitals, and effect many conversions. When on 20 October 1596, a Spanish vessel of war, the “San Felipe”, was stranded on the isle of Tosa, it became, according to Japanese custom, the property of the emperor. The captain was foolish enough to extol the power of the king, and said that the missionaries had been sent to prepare for the conquest of the country. The emperor became furious, and on 9 December 1596, ordered the missionaries to be imprisoned. On 5 February 1597, six friars belonging to the First Order Saint Francis (Peter Baptist, Martin of the Ascension, Francis Blanco, priests; Philip of Jesus, cleric; Gonsalvo Garzia, Francis of Saint Michael, laybrothers), three Japanese Jesuits (Paul Miki, John Goto, James Kisai) and seventeen native Franciscan Tertiaries were crucified. They were beatified 14 September 1627, by Urban VIII, and canonized 8 June 1862, by Pius IX.

MLA Citation

  • Ferdinand Heckmann. “Saints Peter Baptist and Twenty-Five Companions”. Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 11, 1911. CatholicSaints.Info. 25 November 2016. Web. 29 January 2022. <>