detail of the painting 'Cain and Abel'; 18th century by José Vergara Gimeno; Museu de Belles Arts de València, Spain; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

The first-born of Adam and Eve. He became a husbandman while his brother Abel tended flocks. Each offered a sacrifice to God, who accepted that of Abel and rejected that of Cain. Either Cain offered to God imperfect gifts, or in offering a part of his goods he withheld his heart. Angered by the Divine rejection, Cain slew his brother; to avenge his blood God pronounced a curse against Cain, banished him to the land of Nod, and marked him with a sign as a promise of special protection in his banishment. Cain founded a city named Henoch after one of his sons.

MLA Citation

  • “Cain”. New Catholic Dictionary. CatholicSaints.Info. 17 March 2021. Web. 10 May 2021. <>