Butler’s Lives of the Saints – Saint Aper, or Evre, Bishop and Confessor


He was born at Troyes in Champagne, as was his sister, the holy virgin Apronia, honoured at Troyes and Toul on the 15th of July. Upon the death of Saint Auspicius, sixth bishop of Troyes, in Champagne, about the year 486, he was chosen to fill that chair, for which he was prepared by a life devoted to the divine service from his infancy. Baronius, F. Peter Chifflet, and F. Longueval think him the same with Aper, who was married, had been a judge, and, after having led for some years a worldly life, was converted to God, and served him with great fervour, as we learn from three letters of Saint Paulinus to him. But the authors of the new Gallia Christiana, and Calmet, in his history of Lorrain, show, that this Aper must have been above one hundred years old before he could have been bishop, which is incredible. Nor does it appear that the bishop had ever been married; on the contrary, he had served God in continency from his youth. He might, however, be the same to whom Sidonius Apollianaris wrote with respect. In the history of his life, his zeal, austerity, devotion, and miracles are set forth. He governed that diocess seven years, and was buried in the new church which he had begun to build in the suburbs, and which was finished by his successor. This church was dedicated under the title of Saint Martin, but very soon after bore the name of Saint Aper, whose relics and miracles rendered it famous. A monastery was soon after built to this church; and, in the decline of the sixth century, the abbot Apollinaris governed both this church and that of Agaunum. Saint Leo IX, bishop of Toul, afterwards pope, carried certain relics of Saint Mansuetus (first bishop of Toul in the reign of Constantine the Great) and of Saint Aper with him, and by them cured many of his attendants of the pestilence on the road, as is related by Wibert, archdeacon of that holy pope, in his life. The chief parts of the relics of Saint Aper are to this day kept with veneration in his church.

MLA Citation

  • Father Alban Butler. “Saint Aper, or Evre, Bishop and Confessor”. Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Principal Saints, 1866. CatholicSaints.Info. 15 September 2013. Web. 24 September 2020. <>