'The Three Archangels with Tobias' by Francesco Botticini, c.1470, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, ItalyDerivation

  • Greek: ruling angel


In its wider meaning, any angel of higher rank, thus all the higher orders of angels. Saint Michael, therefore, is called Archangel although he is the prince of the Seraphim. In its more restricted sense, the archangels are those blessed spirits who compose the second choir of the lowest order in the angelic hierarchy (see angel). As distinct from the guardian angels, the archangels are God‘s messengers to man in matters of graver moment, e.g., Gabriel to the Virgin Mary, Raphael to Tobias; and to the archangels God entrusts the care of persons of exalted rank or sanctity.

MLA Citation

  • “archangel”. New Catholic Dictionary. CatholicSaints.Info. 15 April 2017. Web. 26 September 2021. <>