A Garner of Saints – Ten Thousand Martyrs

Article

Suffered under Hadrian. When compelled to sacrifice, they said that they would offer themselves as a sacrifice to Jesus Christ. Enraged by this the emperor gave orders that they should be tortured and finally crucified, all which suffering they bore with firm faith. The place where they suffered is a high mountain called Ararat, about 400 stadia from Alexandria. The king’s army of 30,000 soldiers came to put them to death. That same day the sun was obscured and the earth quaked. And the martyrs prayed that all who should celebrate their memory might have health of body, peace of mind and prosperity at home and abroad; and a voice came from heaven granting their request, after which they expired. 23rd June.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Ten Thousand Martyrs”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Susannah

detail from the painting 'La Justification de Suzanne' by François-Guillaume Méneageot, c.1779; it depicts the proof of innocence of Susannah by the youth Daniel; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

There was a man of Babylon named Joachim who took to wife Susannah, the daughter of Chelcias, a very fair woman who feared the Lord. Now Joachim was a rich man and had a fair garden adjoining his house, and to him resorted the Jews, because he was more honourable than all others. The same year two ancients were appointed judges, and they resorted much to Joachim’s house. And at noon Susannah went into the garden to walk, and the elders saw her so that their lust was inflamed towards her, though they were ashamed to declare their feelings to each other; but presently they discovered each other, and they both appointed a time when they might find her alone. One hot day she went into the garden with two maids only, to wash, and they hid themselves and watched her. And she sent her maids to fetch oil and washing balls, and when they were gone the elders ran to her, making shameful proposals to her. But she refused. Then one of the elders opened the garden door, and accused her, saying they had found her with a young man. The following day the people assembled and she was accused. And the elders commanded her to uncover her face that they might be filled with her beauty. Then the elders accused her so that the assembly believed her to be guilty, and she was condemned to death. But Susannah cried to the Lord, and as she was being led forth, a youth named Daniel stood up and said, “I am innocent of the blood of this woman.” When all turned to him in wonder, he rebuked them for judging a cause without examination, and calling them back to the place of judgment he examined the elders separately. And whereas one said that he had found the guilty pair under a mastic tree, the other said he had seen them under a holm tree. Then the people praised God and they led forth the elders and stoned them.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Susannah”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Stephen

detail of the oil on oak painting 'Etienne Chevalier with Saint Stephen'; by Jean Fouquet, c.1454; Royal Museum of Fine Arts. Antwerp, Belgium; photographed on 18 April 2014 by Miguel Hermoso Cuesta; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

(French: Etienne): The events of his history are recorded in the Acts of the Apostles. In the reign of Honorius there lived a priest named Lucianus in the territory of Jerusalem. One night as he was sleeping an old man of venerable appearance, clothed in a bejewelled pallium appeared to him, and touching him with a golden staff told him to go and search among the mounds where his body was indecently hidden, and to order John, Bishop of Jerusalem, to cause the body to be buried honourably. And when Lucianus enquired the name of his heavenly visitor, the apparition answered that he was Gamaliel, the teacher of Paul, and that he lay with Stephen and Nicodemus, and other Christian martyrs. Then the vision disappeared, but Lucianus prayed that if it was a true revelation it might be made to him a second and a third time. At the second vision Gamaliel showed him how he should find the relics, indicating three golden bowls, and a fourth of silver, one full of red roses and the other two of white roses; the silver one containing crocuses. These were symbolical of the relics. At the third vision Gamaliel chided Lucianus severely for his delay. So Lucianus went to the bishop and told him all. And they went accompanied by other bishops to the place indicated by Lucianus, and when they began to dig, the earth shook and emitted a fragrant odour. And they took the relics of the saints to the Church of Syon at Jerusalem, where the fragrant odour healed seventy sick, and there they buried Stephen and his companions. Now Alexander, a senator of Constantinople, went to Jerusalem with his wife and constructed a beautiful oratory to Stephen, and caused himself to be buried near the martyr after his death. After seven years, Juliana, his wife, wished to return to her country and to take her husband’s body with her. After she had obtained the bishop’s permission, he produced two silver shrines saying that he did not know which was Alexander’s. Accordingly she took both. When the body was taken on board ship the angels sang and there was a sweet odour. The devils, however, cried out and ‘raised a great storm, and while the sailors were dreading shipwreck, Stephen appeared and told them not to fear, and immediately there was a great calm. Voices of demons also were heard, and five demons came to burn the ship, but were drowned in the deep by an angel. Arrived safely in Constantinople, the body was deposited in a church. Others relate that Eudoxia, daughter of the Emperor Theodosius, being troubled by a demon, her father ordered that she should be taken to Constantinople to touch the relics of Stephen. At this the demon cried out that he would not go forth unless Stephen were taken to Rome. On hearing this the emperor obtained permission from the people and clergy of Constantinople to take the relics to Rome and lay them beside those of Saint Laurence. However, the people of Capua obtained permission that the right arm of the saint should be deposited in their city, and they prepared a cathedral to receive it. Arrived at Rome it was proposed to place the body in the Church of Saint Peter ad Vincula, but the animals who drew the car would not move, and the demon cried out that Stephen must be laid beside his brother Laurence. Accordingly the body was taken thither and upon touching it the demon came forth from the girl. And Laurence, as if rejoicing at the coming of his brother, removed to the side of the sepulchre, leaving the middle part vacant. But the Greeks who put out their hands to move Laurence fell down as if dead, and though they revived at the prayers of the pope, clergy and people, they died after ten days. 26th December.

Attributes

  • Dressed as a deacon; carries a stone or one is placed near him.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Stephen”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saints Simon and Jude

marble statue of Saint Simon by Francesco Moratti, 1708-09; Basilica of Saint John Lateran, Rome, Italystatues of Saint Jude Thaddeus, date and artist unknown; parish church of Saint Otto, Bamberg, Germany; photographed on 2 February 2016 by ermell; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

Apostles; Brothers of James the Less, and the sons of Mary Cleophos the wife of Alphaeus. After the Ascension Thomas sent Jude to Abagan, King of Egypt. This king had written to the Saviour, who had replied, promising to send an apostle to him after the Ascension, and as the king was not able to see Him, had sent a painter to paint His portrait. But the artist was unable to attempt the task, so that Christ took the panel, and pressing it to His face, left a perfect image of Himself there, which he sent to the king. When Jude arrived at the court the king observed a heavenly radiance in his face, and recognised that he had indeed been sent by the Lord. Now the king was a leper, but Jude cured him by rubbing the Lord’s letter over his skin. Jude subsequently preached in Mesopotamia while Simon taught in Egypt, after which they both went to Persia. Here they were encountered by two magicians whom Matthew had driven from Ethiopia. Now Baradach, general of the King of Babylon, was marching against the enemy, but could not obtain any oracle from his gods. Learning that this was because of the presence of the apostles he sent for them, and they told him of their mission. And the general besought them to declare to him the result of the war. But the apostles requested that the sooth-sayers should first declare their oracle, who said that the future should be full of great wars, while many dangers menaced the people. At this the apostles laughed, declaring that on the following day the Indian envoys would arrive to make their submission. The soothsayers mocked at this, but the general put them and the apostles under guard to see which had spoken true. The next day the envoys arrived and the general would have burned the priests, had not the apostles intervened. But the priests were filled with envy, and declared to the general that in their presence the apostles would be unable to speak. And they brought several orators, who became completely dumb in their presence, while they were subsequently allowed to speak but not to move, and were rendered blind. Then the general brought the discomfited orators before the apostles, and when they saw that Simon and Jude were poorly clothed, they despised them in their hearts. But Simon showed them that appearances were of little worth, and after exacting from them a promise to be converted if he should render them proof against the sorcerers, he made the sign of the cross on their forehead and sent them before the king. And the sorcerers no longer had any power over them. Then the sorcerers summoned a swarm of serpents, but the apostles arriving on the scene filled their cloaks with the reptiles and threw them at the sorcerers who were torn by them and suflered fearful agony. After that the apostles caused the serpents to withdraw their poison and sent them away to a solitary place where they could do no more harm, while they healed the sorcerers of their wounds. But these men, filled with malice, stirred up all Babylon against them. Now it happened that the daughter of a powerful lord brought forth a child, and she accused a holy deacon of having seduced her, so that her parents would have killed the man, but the apostles came and caused the new-born babe to speak, proclaiming the innocence of the deacon. About the same time two tigers escaped from the pits where they were kept, and killed many, but when they fell in with the apostles they became as mild as lambs. And they baptized the king and his household as well as many others. But the magicians having come to a town named Sannir, stirred up the people so that when the apostles arrived there, they were seized and taken to the temple of the Sun, to sacrifice. But the demons in the idols cried out for fear, and at the command of the apostles two black Ethiopians issued from the idols, breaking the images and fleeing away with hoarse cries. At this the priests fell upon the apostles and killed them. Immediately the lightning descended from the serene sky consuming together the temple, the priests and the magicians. The king took the bodies of the apostles to Babylon and erected a church over them there. 28th October.

Attribute of Simon

  • The saw.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saints Simon and Jude”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Silvester, the Pope

Saint Silvester, the PopeArticle

The son of Cyrinus a priest, and he practised hospitality with great zeal. One day he entertained Timothy a Christian from Antioch, who afterwards suffered martyrdom. The governor Tarquinius interrogated Silvester concerning the riches of his guest, and when he replied that Timothy had possessed none, the governor cast him into prison. The next night Tarquinius was choked by a fishbone, and on the morrow Silvester was released by the people. During the persecution of Constantine, Silvester was in 314 unanimously elected pope, an ofiice which he illustrated by his Christian virtues. Not long afterwards he was the means of the conversion of the Emperor Constantine (see Cross, Invention of the). The emperor granted the Lateran Palace for a church, and on this site St Peter’s was erected. Sometime after the priests of the idols came. to the emperor and said, “Sire, since you embraced Christianity, the dragon which is in the cavern has killed three hundred men every day by his poisonous breath.” Thereupon the emperor consulted Silvester, who promised to put an end to the evil, while the priests said they would believe if he succeeded. Then Saint Peter appeared to the pope instructing him in what he should do. And Silvester went to the cavern with two priests, and descended into it, carrying a great lantern. Addressing the dragon, he said, “Satan, remain here until the second coming of Christ,” and he bound and sealed up the monster’s mouth. On reaching the mouth of the cave he found two enchanters who had followed him and who were half poisoned by the creature’s breath. Silvester took these men with him, converting them, as well as an innumerable multitude of unbelievers. Finally, as the end of his life drew near, Silvester recommended his clergy to be full of charity, to govern the church with zeal, and to preserve the flock from wolves. And he fell asleep, peacefully in the Lord. 31st December.

Attribute

  • Papal habit with a bull or a dragon near him.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Silvester, the Pope”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Seven Sleepers

Seven Sleepers of EphesusArticle

Born at Ephesus, and their names were Maximian, Martinian, Dionysius, Joannes, Serapion, Constantine and Malchus. When the Emperor Decius persecuted the Christians, these brethren took refuge in a cave, Malchus going daily to the city disguised as a physician to bring them food. But hearing that Decius was enquiring after them they feared greatly, and exhorting each other to be constant they fell asleep. Decius having learned of their retreat, caused the mouth of the cave to be sealed up, in order that they might perish of hunger. After 196 years had passed, in the days of Theodosius the younger, the emperor prayed God to interfere to prevent the spread of the heresy denying the resurrection of the dead. And God put it into the heart of a burgess to choose the cave to build a stable for his shepherds. As the stones were being removed the sleepers awoke, thinking they had only slept one night, and they exhorted each other to martyrdom and sent Malchus to the city to bring bread and tell them the news. And when Malchus entered the city he was astonished to see the sign of the cross on the gate and the appearance of the place much changed, and as he entered the gate he heard men speaking of Christ so that he was much perplexed. And he went to a baker, but when he offered money, all marvelled at the strange coin. He, thinking that they were about to denounce him, begged to be allowed to go, but they asked him where he had found this treasure of the old emperor, and when he denied that he had discovered any, they put a rope round his neck and dragged him into the city, where a throng quickly came together. Being brought before the bishop and the proconsul, Malchus was strictly interrogated, and when he gave the names of his parents, no one knew of such persons and thought that he wished to deceive them. They therefore commanded that he should be put to the torture in order that the truth might be ascertained. Then Malchus besought them to tell him where the Emperor Decius was, and when they said that there had been no such emperor for many generations, he stood as one stupefied. At length he related how he and his brethren had hidden in a cave for fear of the persecution of Decius, and how the emperor had entered Ephesus on the preceding night. At this the bishop perceived that this was a revelation from God, and he and the proconsul and all the people of Ephesus followed Malchus to the cave, where they found the sleepers, their faces shining and their bodies and clothing as fresh as if they had only slept a night. When the Emperor Theodosius -heard of this, he came to the caves and embraced the youths, weeping for joy. And they told him that God had raised them up to bear witness to the resurrection of the dead. After they had thus spoken, they fell asleep, and the emperor wept over them and ordered golden coffins to be made for them. But the following night they appeared to him, bidding him to leave them as they had been found, to slumber on until the day of judgment. And they sleep there to this day.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Seven Sleepers”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Sibyls

Article

They served the Gentiles as the prophets did the Jews, in predicting the coming of the Saviour. This chart shows their names, the country they served, their distinguishing emblems, and the nature of their prophecies.

Sibylla Lybica
Country: Lybia
Emblem: Lighted taper or myrtle
Prophecy: A day shall come when men shall see the king of all living things.

Sibylla Samia
Country: Samos
Emblem: Reed or cradle
Prophecy: He who was rich should be born of a poor virgin.

Sibylla Cumana
Country: Cumae
Emblem: Cradle, sponge or loaf of bread
Prophecy: Christ should come from heaven and live and reign on earth in poverty.

Sibylla Cimmeriana
Country: Black Sea
Emblem: Cross, feeding bottle or horn
Prophecy: God would be born of a virgin and converse among sinners.

Sibylla Erythrina
Country: Red Sea
Emblem: Horn, sword or white rose; as an old woman or a nun in black
Prophecy: Jesus Christ, Son of God, the Saviour

Sibylla Europara
Country: Europe
Emblem: Sword
Prophecy: A virgin and her son should flee into Egypt

Sibylla Persica
Country: Persia
Emblem: Dragon under her feet and a lantern and open book; as an old woman
Prophecy: The devil should be overcome by a true prophet

Sibylla Agrippina
Country:
Emblem: Whip
Prophecy: Christ should be outraged and scourged

Sibylla Tiburtina
Country: Tivoli
Emblem: Flowering rod, hand or glove
Prophecy: The highest shall come from heaven and a virgin shall be shown in the valleys of the desert

Sibylla Delphica
Country: Delos
Emblem: Crown of thorns or horn
Prophecy: A prophet should be born of a virgin and crowned with thorns

Sibylla Hellespontica
Country: Hellespont
Emblem: A T cross, bunch of flowers
Prophecy: Jesus Christ should suffer shame on the cross

Sibylla Phrygia
Country: Phrygia
Emblem: Banner and a cross
Prophecy: Christ should rise again

On the site of the Ara Celi, the Emperor Octavian once asked a Sibyl whether he should accept divine honours for himself or no. She immediately replied, that a greater king than he should appear, and pointing to the sky she showed him a vision of the Virgin and Child. And a voice came from heaven, saying, this is the spot for an altar to the Son of God (Hac ara filii Dei). Upon this, the emperor reverently knelt in worship, and not long after he erected an altar upon the spot, where the church was subsequently built.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Sibyls”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Sebastian

detail of a stained glass window of Saint Sebastian; signed Carmel du Mans et Hucher Rathois, date unknown; parish church of Notre-Dame in Bû, Center-Val de Loire, France; photographed on 15 August 2015 by GFreihalter; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

Born at Narbonne and lived at Milan. He became a great favourite of the Emperors Diocletian and Maximian, who gave him the command of their chief cohort, and in wisdom and virtue he excelled all the other soldiers. He wore the military costume in order to comfort the Christians who were taken to be martyred. When two noble youths, twin brothers, named Marcus and Marcellianus were being led to be beheaded for the faith, their parents employed every effort to induce them to recant, so that their resolution was shaken. But Sebastian broke into the midst of them and exhorted them to despise the present life, and to win the crown of martyrdom. This took place in the house of Nicostratus where the youths were in custody. And the wife of Nicostratus had lost the use of speech for six years, and kneeling on the floor she asked pardon of Sebastian by nods. At his prayer she received the gift of speech, and immediately declared that she had seen an angel near him who held an open book in his hand containing all the words which Sebastian had said. Near him stood seven other angels of shining white. At this miracle both Nicostratus and his wife believed and were baptized, together with the parents of the two youths. They chose to suffer martyrdom although Nicostratus offered to release them. After the martyrdom of Marcus and Marcellianus, their mother died, and the prefect Chromatius, being healed by Sebastian, was baptized, together with his son, all of them suflering martyrdom soon after. Sebastian also could not remain unobserved, and when the Emperor Diocletian heard of all that he had done, he accused him of ingratitude to the gods. When Sebastian said that he was a Christian and would always pray for the empire, Diocletian directed that he should be bound and that the archers should use him as a target. When they had covered him with arrows they left him believing him to be dead. However, a widow named Irene came by night to take the body away, and finding Sebastian to be still alive she carried him to her house and ministered to him. In a few days he was completely recovered, and standing on the steps of the palace he reproached the emperors for their unjust persecution of the Christians. And Diocletian was astonished, asking if he was not Sebastian who had been shot to death by arrows. To this the saint replied that he had been revived by Christ that he might chide them for the evil which they did. Then the emperor caused him to be taken into the Hippodrome of the palace and beaten to death. The body was thrown into a sewer, but that same night Sebastian appeared to Saint Lucy telling her where his body might be found, and asking her to bury him at the feet of the apostles; and this she did. Patron saint against the plague. 20th January.

Attribute

  • A figure transfixed by arrows.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Sebastian”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Sebald

detail of a statue of Saint Sebald, date and artist unknown; west facade of the church of Saint Sebaldus, Nuremberg, Germany; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

The son of a king of Denmark who resigned all his earthly dignities and assuming the habit of a pilgrim went away into a wood where he lived in great holiness. And it happened that Willibald, his brother Wunibald and Saint Denis came together to the wood, and meeting Sebald they told him that they hungered, for they had nothing to eat. Sebald comforted them saying, that God who had fed the Five Thousand would not permit them to starve, and he went away from them a stone’s throw, and prayed that God would care for them. And there came an angel from heaven bringing a white loaf. Hiding the loaf under his mantle Sebald went to his visitors, and digging his staff in the ground told them to eat, and when they said that they had nothing, he produced the bread, and they thanked God and sat down to eat. Sebald also filled his wine vat for his guests. One day while Sebald was preaching a heretic came up and said that his teaching was vain and false. But Sebald prayed to God to justify him, and immediately the earth opened and swallowed up the man. And the heretic cried to the man of God to save him, promising to believe everything that a Christian should. Then Sebald released him from the earth, and all who were present believed on Christ. Once while Sebald was on his travels he came to Regensburg. Now at that time there was no bridge over the Danube, but the saint laid his cloak upon the water and crossed the stream upon it. And all those who saw him marvelled, saying that he was in very deed a holy man. After that he proceeded to Nuremberg and rested in a wood. And it being about Christmas time it was very cold, so that the saint entered a waggoner’s house and asked him to make a fire. But the man refused saying that he had no wood, and he asked the good wife to pray her husband to allow a fire to be made, but he would not. Then he told the woman to bring him some icicles from outside, and when she had fetched them, he prayed to God, and made a good fire with the fragments of ice, so that when the man and his wife saw this they praised God, and the man asked the saint’s pardon for his churlishness and was forgiven. And Sebald sent the man into the town to buy fish but the lord of the town had prohibited the buying of fish until the inmates of the castle had been served, and the man was taken by the lord’s servants and his eyes were put out. And he retumed home and related what had passed. Then Sebald made him go back to the place of his punishment, and taking up the eyes replaced them in their sockets and the man saw and praised God, and went into the market and bought fish, relating the marvels that had taken place. And after a while Sebald fell sick unto death, and he ordered that his body should be placed on a car drawn by wild oxen, and “buried wherever they should take it. And they did so, and the oxen took the body to Nuremberg to the place where it now lies, and there they buried him. 19th August.

Attributes

  • Dressed as a pilgrim, holds in his hand a church with two towers.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Sebald”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Roch

17th century wooden statue of Saint Roch, artist unknown; photographed on 11 March 2012 by Palminellafede; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

Born at Montpellier about the end of the thirteenth century. His parents had for a long time lived without having any children, but God gave them this son in answer to the prayers of the mother. The child early displayed his religious leanings, and noted and practised fasting from his earliest days. His parents having died before he had reached the age of twenty, he distributed the wealth which he inherited from them as secretly as possible, and, habited as a pilgrim, set out towards Rome. On reaching a place called Aquapendente he learned that the plague had broken out with great violence and immediately went to the hospital to offer his services. Admitted here, he touched the patients with his right hand, making the sign of the cross, and thus healed them all. In this manner he passed from town to town healing all who were stricken and being regarded as an angel of God. Arrived at Rome he found the great city plunged in desolation by the terrible Visitation. Here he pursued the same methods and inspired the utmost confidence, the sick using every possible effort to place themselves in his path. As the plague was abroad in the country districts, Saint Roch went thither also, performing similar prodigies. In the hospital of Piacenza he fell asleep one day and heard a voice telling him that he would be called upon to suffer pain. On awaking he felt an acute pain in his left thigh and could hardly refrain from crying out. He had himself taken the plague. Leaving the hospital he refused to re-enter it, and the people, believing him to be mad, chased him out of the town. He dragged himself with the help of his staff, to a neighbouring forest, and took refuge in a small hut, praying the Lord not to desert him. That instant a cloud descended from heaven on to the ground, and on the spot where it rested a fountain of water welled up, from which he drank and where he washed. Near the forest was a village to which many men had withdrawn on account of the plague, among them being a man named Gothard, who kept a number of servants and dogs for hunting. One day as he was sitting at table one of these dogs came and took a piece of bread from his hand, carrying it to Saint Roch, and he did the same at dinner and at supper. The master, thinking that the animal had been starved, scolded his servants, but finding that the dog was taking the bread to some person, he followed him and came upon Saint Roch. The saint informed Gothard that he had the plague, upon which he went home, but returned on the following day, on reflecting that he had shown himself less merciful than his dog, and resolved to remain with the saint until he should be healed. However, the dog ceased to bring the bread, and as they became disquieted, Roch told his friend to put on the pilgrim’s habit and go to ask alms. But the people only mocked and derided him, so that he brought back no more than two loaves. Then Roch went into Piacenza and healed the sick in the houses as well as in the hospital. As he retumed he was followed by a great multitude, and heard a voice saying that his prayer was answered, that he was cured of the plague and must return to his own country to practise penance. Accordingly he went back to Montpellier in his pilgrim’s habit. Now the whole country was desolated by war, and as he was praying in a church, he was arrested as a spy, and being brought before his uncle who did not know him, he was cast into prison. The place was foul and infested by scorpions, but he lived a life of voluntary austerity in it, without a complaint. After he had been detained there for five years, God revealed to him his approaching end, so that he sent for a priest. When the priest came he found the cell illuminated by a heavenly light, while rays of glory shone from the prisoner’s eyes. The noise of this marvel spread, and people came from all parts to see the holy man. Soon after he fell asleep and heard a voice offering to grant him whatever he might ask, and he prayed that all those who sought his assistance might be delivered from the plague. Placing himself on the ground, he lifted his eyes to heaven and rendered his soul to God on 16th August 1327, at the age of thirty-two. At that same moment a great light passed through the windows, to the astonishment of the gaoler, who opened the door and saw the saint stretched on the ground, lamps burning at his head and his feet, while at his side there rested a small board on which was written, “All those who are smitten with the plague and who have recourse to the intercession of Roch will be delivered from that malady.” The body was buried with great pomp in the principal church of the town, at the expense of the uncle, who had come to recognise his error after it was too late. When the great council was being held at Constance, in the year 1414, the plague broke out there and the bishops proposed to depart. However, a young German, being inspired by God, advised them to carry the image of Saint Roch through the town, and when they had done this the plague was immediately stayed. The remains were afterwards stolen and carried off to Venice, where the church of San Rocco was erected in his honour. Patron saint against the plague. 16th August.

Attributes

  • Dressed as a pilgrim, the thigh exposed and showing a wound or plague spot; at his feet a dog carrying bread.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Roch”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 27 April 2017. <>