Blessed Dominic of Besians

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Spanish Dominican. With Blessed Gregory, he preached in the villages of the Somontano, near Barbastro, near the Spanish Pyrenees. While travelling from one village to another, they were caught in strong thunderstorm; they sought refuge under and overhanging rock, which was loosened by the rain, and fell on them.

Born

Died

Beatified

Additional Information

MLA Citation

  • “Blessed Dominic of Besians“. CatholicSaints.Info. 27 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Zanobius or Zenobius

Saint ZanobiusArticle

Of a noble Florentine family and educated in letters. His parents proposing to marry him to a noble lady, he fled to the church and was baptized, an event which led directly afterwards to the conversion of his parents. Being ordained a deacon, his fame spread far and wide, so that the pope sent for him. At this time the heresy of the Arians was spreading throughout the world, and Zanobius boldly stood out against it, while he displayed no less courage in combating the reactionary measures of the Emperor Julian. Sent to Constantinople by the pope to repress heresy, Zanobius proved most successful, healing two demoniacs. On his return to Rome he was created Bishop of Florence by the unanimous vote of the people. He fled away to the pope, but was subsequently obliged to take up the office. On returning to his diocese Zanobius was received with every demonstration of joy, and by his conduct he speedily proved himself worthy of the affection bestowed upon him. He distributed all his goods to the poor, reserving only a piece of land to found a monastery. God also rendered him illustrious by several miracles and he raised five dead to life. The first was the son of a French lady who happened to be passing through Florence on her way to Rome. She left her son in Florence, as he was sick, but on her return she found that the boy had been dead an hour. Plunged into a terrible grief she implored Zanobius to assist her, and the bishop by offering a prayer and making the sign of the cross, raised the son to life. The second was a young man whose funeral the bishop met outside Florence, the parents who had heard what he had done for a stranger, came to beseech him to do the like for one of his own flock, whereupon Zanobius raising his eyes to heaven, restored the youth. The third was a man named Simplicius, by whom Saint Ambrose sent him relics of the martyrs Vitalis, Agricola, Nazare, Celsus, Gervase and Prothase. This envoy fell over a precipice and was fearfully mangled, but the bishop restored him so completely that not a scar could be seen. The fourth was a child crushed under the wheel of a coach when playing before the Cathedral of Saint Sauveur. The last was the father of Saint Eugenius who had died in mortal sin without the sacrament. Zanobius sent his deacon to throw holy water on the corpse, which immediately received life and the power to do penance. Many other miracles were wrought by him, healing the blind and casting out devils. At length, feeling his end approaching, he summoned his clergy to give them his benediction. The people, however, hearing of this flocked to the place in crowds, and he discoursed to them. He died in the year 407 at the age of eighty. The body was at first buried in the Church of San Lorenzo, but in the following year it was translated to San Salvatore. While this translation was taking place, the coffin happened to touch a withered elm, which immediately began to put forth leaves and flourish. Arrived at the entrance of the church the body could not be moved until the bishop Andrew had promised to endow twelve chaplains to sing the praises of God in the chapel where the saint was buried. 25th May.

Attributes

  • The elm tree revived; one of the miracles, such as the child crushed by the wheel or the raising of the French lady’s son. He always wears the episcopal habit.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Zanobius or Zenobius”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 27 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Vitalis

Saint Vitalis of MilanArticle

The father of Gervase and Prothase by his wife Valeria, and a soldier in the army of Nero. Seeing a Christian physician named Ursicinus being led to martyrdom, he comforted him, so that he went joyfully to his death. Vitalis gave him honourable burial, and being denounced as a Christian by his master. Paulinus he was brought before the governor. When he refused to sacrifice, they buried him alive, but the priest who had given this advice was straightway possessed by a demon and went about raving, until on the seventh day he threw himself into a river and perished miserably. Valeria fled to Milan, but when they found that she was a Christian they beat her so that she died in three days. 28th April.

Attributes

  • Wears armour and carries a club furnished with spikes; sometimes represented as buried up to the waist and being stoned.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Vitalis”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 27 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Vincent

Saint Vincent of SaragossaArticle

Of a noble family and deacon of the Bishop Valerius, who had entrusted to the young man the conduct of his affairs. At the order of the governor Dacian both of them were arrested and cast into prison. Being afterwards brought before the governor they acted with boldness, so much so that Dacian gave orders that the bishop should be sent into exile, and that Vincent should be racked and have all his limbs broken. But the youth’s spirit remained unquenched, and when the govemor taunted him he replied that this was what he had always desired. After this the governor threatened him with fresh torments, but Vincent challenged him to do his worst, for, said he, you will see that I by the grace of God shall be better able to endure pain than you are to inflict it. Then the executioners tore his body with iron hooks, and when this produced no effect, he was condemned to the fire. He mounted on to the gridiron of his own accord where he supported the most horrible tortures. When the executioners told Dacian of this, he recognised that he was beaten, but determined that the youth who had defied him should suffer as long as possible, he caused Vincent to be taken off the gridiron and thrown into prison where his feet were nailed to a plank. But a great light shone in the prison, the rigour of the torments was turned into the sweet scent of flowers, the prisoner’s feet were loosed and angels came to visit and to console him. As he rested on the flowers singing with the angels, the sounds penetrated beyond, and the guards saw what was going on and were converted. But when Dacian heard of this he was filled with rage, wondering what he could do next. At length he gave orders that Vincent should be laid on a soft bed, in order that he might recover and undergo fresh torments. But Vincent after being placed on the bed rendered his spirit to God. At this news Dacian was much chagrined, but determining to continue his treatment he ordered the body to be cast into a field that it might be devoured by the birds and the beasts. But no sooner had this been done than the angels came to guard it, so that the beasts could not touch it, and a hungry raven came and drove off all the other birds by the flapping of its wings, chasing a wolf who had approached too near and pecking with its beak, after which the crow turned to the body, regarding it with the utmost reverence. Finding this plan of no avail, Dacian caused a millstone to be tied round the neck of the body and had it thrown into the sea. Before the sailors who had charge of this could return it was cast up on to the shore, and it being pointed out to a pious lady and some other persons by a vision of Christ, they came and buried it there. 22nd January.

Attributes

  • Habited as a deacon; a raven by the body; sometimes with a gridiron; as a rule distinguished from Laurence, Leonard and Stephen by carrying the palm simply without any other emblem.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Vincent”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 27 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Veronica

detail of a stained glass window of Saint Veronica; confessional of Saint Aloysius Church, Columbus, Ohio; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

Identified with the woman with an issue of blood who touched the hem of Christ’s raiment and was healed. When Christ was bearing His cross to Calvary, He passed her door, and filled with compassion on seeing the drops of agony on His brow, she wiped His face with her na.pkin or her veil. When she received it back again the features of Christ were miraculously preserved upon the material. This image was called the Vera Icon (true image) and the cloth was called the sudarium. This sacred cloth possessed remarkable healing power, and on this account Veronica was sent for by the Emperor Tiberius to cure him of a mortal malady. When she arrived the emperor had expired and accordingly she remained in Rome in company with Peter and Paul and suffered martyrdom there under Nero. According to another account she was put into the same boat with Mary Magdalene and suffered martyrdom in Provence or Aquitaine.

Attribute

  • The handkerchief with the face of Christ on it.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Veronica”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Valentine

silver Saint Valentine bust reliquary, c.1690, artist unknown; Diocesan Museum in Płock, Poland; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

A priest whom the Emperor Claudius sent for and interrogated, asking him why he did not worship the gods. But Valentine answered that the gods were nothing but men and full of all filthiness. And Claudius was struck by his answer, so that the prefect said, “The emperor is led astray, how can we desert what we have held to from our infancy?” Then the heart of Claudius was changed and he delivered Valentine to a prince who took him to his house. And Valentine prayed that Christ would illuminate the house with the true light. Arrived at the house he restored the sight of the prefect’s blind daughter, and his prayer was answered and the entire household was converted. But Valentine was beheaded about the year 280. 14th February.

Attribute

  • Holds sun in hand.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Valentine”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Ursula

stained glass window of Saint UrsulaArticle

The only daughter of Maurus, King of Scotland (or Britanny). To him the King of England sent ambassadors requesting Ursula in marriage for his son Etherius, offering many promises if she should be yielded and many threats should she be withheld. But King Maurus was troubled, for he feared the wrath of the King of England and also the wrath of God if he should give his daughter to a Gentile or indeed marry her at all, since her virginity was vowed to the Lord. While he was in this dilemma Ursula, having been admonished from above, exhorted her father to consent on condition that Etherius should be baptized and instructed in the faith for three years, and that ten fair virgins should be selected by the King of England and his son to be her companions, and eleven thousand more (namely one thousand for each) should be gathered from all countries, and that eleven ships well furnished with everything should be provided for their use, in which they might sail the seas during the three years and dedicate their virginity to the Lord. This Ursula required that she might consecrate the virgins to Christ and bring her husband and his people to the faith. These terms were accepted by the prince and his father, the ships were built, the virgins collected and presented to Ursula, while King Maurus provided a convoy of many bishops and barons, giving them abundance of provisions. And many came from far and near to see the wondrous sight, among them being Panthulus, Bishop of Basle and Saint Gerosima, Queen of Sicily and Ursula’s aunt, with her son and four daughters. And so the ships departed amid great feasting and rejoicing. For three years Ursula and her companions sailed the seas, untroubled by storms, for they were under the protection and guidance of God, spending the time in singing and mutual intercourse. After Ursula had converted all those virgins to Christianity, they came to a port of Gaul called Ceila, and ascended the Rhine to Cologne. Here an angel appeared in a vision to Ursula predicting that thby should all return to that city and receive martyrdom. Proceeding to Basle they left their ships and continued their journey to Rome on foot. Pope Cyriacus received them joyfully, for he too was from Britain and had many kindred among them, and he baptized such as had not yet been purified. And it was revealed to him in a dream that he should resign the pontificate and return with them to receive martyrdom. Accordingly the clerk erased his name from the list of popes, and there went with them Vincent the cardinal and many others. Now Maximian and Africanus, princes of the Roman army, seeing that everyone was flocking to Christ, sent letters to their kinsman Julian, prince of the Huns, asking him to march against Cologne where the virgins would be. Now the virgins were joined by James, Bishop of Antioch, a native of Britain, the Bishop of Lucca and by Etherius, who had succeeded his father and had come to meet his bride at Rome. These all returned to Cologne and found the city beseiged by the Huns. Then the barbarians rushed upon them and slew all those virgins with the sword, but being struck by the beauty of Ursula, they. spared her and brought her before Julian. When she had refused to marry him or to sacrifice to idols he -ordered her to be slain by an arrow. And a certain virgin named Corbula had hidden herself in a ship that night but on the 1norrow she came and offered herself to death, receiving martyrdom like the others. “Thus they all perished about the year 450. 21st October.

Attributes

  • An arrow; she wears a crown in sign of her royal dignity; sometimes covering a multitude of virgins with her cloak.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Ursula”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Pope Saint Urban I

detail of a stained glass window, date and artist unknown; choir loft, church of Saint Peter and Saint Louis, Bédée; photographed on 6 May 2016 by GO69; swiped from Wikimedia CommonsArticle

Succeeded Calixtus in 223 at a time when a fierce persecution was raging against the Christians. On the succession of Alexander, whose mother had been converted by Origen, the persecution abated somewhat, but Almachius, the governor who had beheaded St Cecilia, continued to hunt the faithful. Having discovered Urban in a cavern, where he had taken refuge in company with three priests, the governor put them all in prison. Calling the pope before him, the governor accused Urban of having seduced Valerian, Tiburtius and Cecilia, and demanded the riches of the latter. When Urban replied that the riches of Cecilia had been transported to heaven, the governor caused him to be beaten with rods, and as he and his companions remained unshaken, they were taken back to prison. Here Urban baptized three tribunes who came to him, as well as the gaoler, who was afterwards beheaded for the faith. Urban and his companions were next brought before the idols and commanded to sacrifice, but as the holy man prayed the idol fell down and crushed twenty-two priests who were maintaining the sacred fire. Upon this the martyrs were beaten, but making the sign of the cross, they spat upon the idol, and having given one another the kiss of peace, they were led away to die. Immediately Carpasius, who had arrested them, was seized by a devil and strangled, blaspheming his gods. On seeing this his wife and all his household were baptized by the priest Fortunatus, and they gave the bodies of the martyrs honourable burial. 25th May.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Pope Saint Urban I”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Umilita

detail from the Saint Humility altar piece by Pietro Lorenzetti, 1316Article

(Latin: Humilitas; French Humilité) Born at Faenza of a noble family, her secular name being Rosana, and brought up in piety. Her beauty was very great and won for her the love of a prince who was a close kinsman of the Emperor Frederick II and who happened to be in garrison there. She succeeded in escaping this alliance, but after her father’s death she was married to Ugolotto Caccianemici. Desiring, however, to take up a religious life, she endeavoured to persuade her husband to consent to a separation, but he always refused. After they had been married nine years Ugolotto fell sick and the doctors declared that he could not recover unless he would remain celibate. This opened the eyes of the sick man, and calling his wife to him he consented to what she had so often proposed. After his recovery, Rosana went to the monastery of Saint Perpetua at Faenza and took the veil as a nun of the order of Vallombroso. By her constant prayers and devotions she at length prevailed so that Ugolotto became a monk and entered the same order. Meanwhile the fervent piety and humility of Rosana earned her the name of Umilita, by which she was afterwards known. Soon afterwards she proved in a signal manner her right to the new name. The nobles of that day being more devoted to arms than to letters, she had never learned to read. The nuns wishing to have a joke at her expense, one day sent her to the second table to read. The simple nun bowed and went to obey the command. When she opened the book, these words presented themselves to her, “Do not despise the works of God for they are all true and just.” Then raising her eyes to heaven she delivered such a moving address from this text, that her auditors were at first amazed and afterwards wept. When they came to examine the book they could not find a single word of what she had said. Being taught to read, she learned with wonderful readiness. She suffered silently for some time from an internal tumour, but it was one day miraculously healed. These events caused her to be held in such veneration by the nuns that she was in danger of becoming puffed up, and she determined to flee from the monastery. She prayed fervently for her release and one night she heard a voice which called her to follow. She rose and putting on the poor and worn clothing of a servant, with no other luggage but her breviary, and making the sign of the cross, she was carried by invisible hands to the top of the wall and let down on the other side. The closed doors of the courtyard opened of themselves and she found herself free. Arrived at the river Lamone she found it so swollen that she could not cross. But by a miracle she was enabled to walk over the water with dry feet. Overcome by these marvels she fell on her knees and wept her thanks to the Lord. Arrived in the Apennines she sought refuge with some nuns of Saint Clare. But the abbess would not admit her until she had learned the reasons for her departure from Saint Perpetua. A knight of her family wishing to know if the portents wrought by her had not been worked by magic art, shut her up in a cell, and thus she gained her longed-for solitude. Now there was a monk of Vallombroso whose leg the physicians had determined to cut off. The poor man, terrified at this, asked first to be taken to Umilita. When he came, his hopes were not disappointed, for she made the sign of the cross over the diseased limb and it was made perfectly whole, and the monk returned without assistance to his convent, publishing the matter abroad. After this a cell was built for Umilita next to the church of Saint Apollinare at Faenza, and she lived there as a hermit. In this solitude she had the companionship of a charming little weasel, which came to her cell with a bell round its neck, and remained with her, following her in all her devotions and other acts. When the time of her solitude drew towards its close, the animal leapt out of the window of her cell, a bell fell from its neck and it bowed her farewell. Thefame of her sanctity drew many to see her, and at length a monastery was built for her, and the Bishop of Faenza came to take her to her new abode. Her reputation spread far and wide, and messengers came from Venice, begging her to found a house of her order in that city. She accepted, but in the night Saint John the Evangelist appeared to her saying that the monastery must be founded at Florence not at Venice, and be dedicated to himself. The route was diflicult and infested by robbers, but Umilita set out undismayed at the head of her nuns, to walk barefooted to Florence. The journey was performed in perfect safety, and the saint established herself at Florence in a small hospice on the piazza of San Ambrogio. The Florentines, recognising her worth, speedily set to work to build a convent worthy of her. The child of a noble citizen having died in the arms of its nurse as she was bringing it to its parents in Florence, the nurse met Umilita and threw herself at the saint’s feet, imploring assistance. The saint, who was returning to her house with a burden of stones, laid the child at the foot of a wayside image of John the Baptist. After she had prayed, she made the sign of the cross on the child with a lighted candle, and it arose perfectly healed. In December 1309, Umilita was seized with a fit of apoplexy. She lingered on a few months and died in May 1310. Before her death she appeared miraculously to the nuns of her order in a monastery in the Apennines. 22nd May.

Attributes

  • Habit of an abbess of the order of the Benedictines of Vallombroso. In one hand she holds a rod or bunch of rods, in the other an open book.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Umilita”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>

A Garner of Saints – Saint Ulpha

statue of Saint Ulpha; date and artist unknown; cathedral of Amiens, France; swiped from Wikipedia CommonsArticle

Born near Soissons about the beginning of the eighth century. When still quite young she dedicated her virginity to God. Her parents, however, promised her in marriage to a young man, and when she heard of this she ran away. Near Amiens she came upon a place which seemed suitable for a hermitage, and that night she received a vision telling her to go and meet the man sent to her by God. This was Saint Domice, a priest and recluse, who was going to service at Amiens. Ulpha went to him, and throwing herself at his feet, begged him to take her under his care. Though an old man, Domice hesitated, but finally agreed, being warned by a vision, and Bishop Christian of Amiens gave Ulpha the veil of chastity and the ring. A cell was built for her near that of Domice, and he used to come and knock at the door, moming and evening, when they would walk together to the office, conversing of holy things. One morning when Domice knocked there was no answer, so that he went to the office alone. In the evening Ulpha reproached Domice for not coming, but when he declared that he had knocked without receiving an answer, she concluded that the croaking of the frogs in the marsh near by had prevented her from hearing it. Accordingly she imposed silence on the frogs there for evermore. When Domice fell sick she tended him, and received his last sigh. But God sent her another companion named Aurée, who came from Amiens to share her lot. Several other virgins imitated this example and soon Ulpha found herself at the head of a little community. After a short sickness she died about the middle of the eighth century and was buried in her cell. Her relics as well as those of Saint Domice were afterwards translated to the Cathedral of Amiens. 12th and 31st January.

Attributes

  • Habited as a virgin in the attitude of prayer, a frog near by.

MLA Citation

  • Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. “Saint Ulpha”. A Garner of Saints, 1900. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 April 2017. Web. 28 April 2017. <>