The Parish Catechism, Lesson 02: God

Holy Trinity“I am the First, and I am the Last: and besides me there is no God.” (Isaias 44:6)

9. Who is God?

God is the Creator, the One “Who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all things that are in them.” (Psalm 145:5)

God created everything that exists. Only God can create, that is, make something out of nothing.

10. How do we know there is a God?

We know there is a God because the world and all the things in it must have been made and set in motion by Someone.

“But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee: and the birds of the air, and they shall tell thee. Speak to the earth, and it shall answer thee: and the fishes of the sea shall tell. Who is ignorant that the hand of the Lord hath made all these things?” (Job 12:7-9)

11. Are there any other proofs for the existence of God?

Yes, there are other proofs for the existence of God. Among them are the following:

The marvelous order of the universe proves that there is Someone who not only created it, but Who also keeps it in order.

Every man’s conscience tells him there is a Law Giver and All-just Judge whom he must obey.

All men of every nation and race, no matter how uneducated, have always known and taught that there is a God.

“The fool hath said in his heart : There is no God” (Psalm 13:1)

12. Can we see God?

We cannot see God because He is a spirit.

Spiritual beings are real beings who have no bodies. Therefore, we cannot see, smell, or touch them.

13. Do we know everything about God?

We do not know everything about God. All we know about God is what we can learn of Him from reason and revelation.

“Behold, God is great, exceeding our knowledge.” (Job 36:26)

14. What are some of the facts we do know about God?

Some of the things we know about God are:

There is really a God.

• “The heavens shew forth the glory of God: and the firmament declareth the work of his hands.” (Psalm 18:2)

God is the highest and most perfect being there is.

• “Of his greatness there is no end.” (Psalm 144:3)

There is only one God.

• “Hear, O Isreal : the Lord our God is one Lord.” (Deuteronomy 6:4)

There are three Persons in God.

• “And there are three who give testimony in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost. And these three are one” (1 John 5:7)

God is a spirit.

• “God is a spirit.” (John 4:24)

God always was and always will be.

• “Before the mountains were made, or the earth and the world was formed : from eternity and to eternity thou art God.” (Psalm 89:2)

God depends on no one and has need of no one.

• “God, who made the world and all things therein, he being Lord of heaven and earth, . . . Neither is he served with men’s hands, as though he needed any thing : seeing it is he who giveth to all life and breath and all things.” (Acts 17:24-25)

God can do all things.

• “I know that thou canst do all things.” (Job 42:2)

God knows all things, past, present, future, even our most secret actions, thoughts; and words.

• “Neither is there any creature invisible, in his sight; but all things are naked and open to his eyes” (Hebrews 4:13)

God is everywhere.

• “Whither shall I go from thy spirit? Or whither shall I flee from thy face? If I ascend into heaven, thou art there: If I descend into hell, thou art present” (Psalm 138:7-8)

God never changes as men do.

• “Thou art always the self-same.” (Psalm 101:28)

God has a mind and a will.

• “God is light and in him there is no darkness” (John 1:5)

God is Goodness Itself.

• “Give praise to the Lord, for he is good” (Psalm 117:1)

God is All-Holy.

• “For I am the Lord your God. Be holy because I am holy” (Leviticus 11:44)

God is All-just.

• “For he will render to a man his work: and according to the ways of everyone he will reward them.” (Job 34:11)

God can neither deceive us nor be deceived Himself.

• “His truth shall compass thee with a shield: thou shalt not be afraid of the terror of the night.” (Psalm 90:5)

God is merciful to sinners.

• “The Lord is compassionate and merciful: long suffering and plenteous in mercy.” (Psalm 102:8)

15. How many Persons are there in God?

There are three Persons in God. The three Persons in God are called the Blessed Trinity:

God the Father is the First Person of the Blessed Trinity.

God the Son, Jesus Christ, Who became man and died for our sins, is the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity.

God the Holy Ghost is the Third Person of the Blessed Trinity.

“The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and the charity of God and the communication of the Holy Ghost be with you all. Amen.” (2 Corinthians 13:13)

16. Are there three Gods then?

There is only one God; but there are three Persons in God.

No one can understand fully how there is only one God and three Persons in God. The Blessed Trinity is a mystery. A mystery is a truth that men cannot completely understand.

17. Who is the greatest of the three Persons in the Blessed Trinity?

No one Person in the Blessed Trinity is greater than the others. They are all equal.

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.

18. Is God interested in men?

God created each one of us; keeps us alive; loves every individual person; watches over the life of every man; and has special loving care for the poor and the suffering; and desires to bring each one of us to heaven.

“Casting all your care upon him, for he hath care of you.” (1 Peter 5:7)

19. What obligations does a man have toward God?

Every man has an obligation to worship God, to make a real effort to learn the religious truths God wants him to know, and to live the way God commands him to live.

– from The Parish Catechism, by Father Farrell, 1954