- Pere Païk Chen Fou (Father White as Snow)
Born to the nobility, he was well educated, and earned a degree in Lyon, France in 1856. Simon entered the Sulpician seminary in Paris, France in 1859. He joined the Paris Foreign Missions Society, and began studying at their seminary on 25 July 1861. Ordained on 21 May 1864. Assigned to Korea, it took ten months of travel before he was able to sneak into the country on 29 May 1865 to begin ministering to Christians during a period of persecution. Worked with Saint Siméon-François Berneux. Arrested on 26 February 1866, he was imprisoned, tortured and martyred with his bishop and two brother priests.
- 28 February 1838 in the home of his maternal grand-parents at Châlon-sur-Saône, Saône-et-Loire, France
- tortured, blinded by having quicklime thrown in his eyes, and then beheaded on 7 March 1866 on a beach beside the Han River in Saenamteo, Seoul, South Korea
- “Saint Simon-Marie-Just Ranfer de Bretenières“. CatholicSaints.Info. 5 March 2017. Web. 23 March 2017. <>