- María Rafael
An artistic young man, he studied architecture in Madrid, Spain. However, he felt a call to the religious life, and on 15 April 1934 Rafael became an oblate friar of the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (Trappist). Suffered from acute diabetes, a condition that forced him to leave the monastery three times, but each time, as soon as he was sufficiently healed, he returned to the monastic life.
- “Saint Rafael Arnáiz Barón“. CatholicSaints.Info. 11 October 2009. Web. 4 June 2015. <>