- Paul Pham Khac Khoan
Priest in the apostolic vicariate of West Tonkin (in modern Vietnam). Imprisoned and tortured for their faith for three years during the persecutions of Emperor Minh Mang; he was repeatedly ordered to denounce Christianity; he refused. Martyr.
- “Saint Phaolô Pham Khac Khoan“. CatholicSaints.Info. 27 April 2013. Web. 1 December 2015. <>