- Apostle of Flanders
Son of a Scottish nobleman and an Irish princess, he was raised in Ireland, and studied there and in England. Ordained by Saint Augustine of Canterbury. Highly successful missionary to Flanders, Belgium with three companions. Bishop of Ghent, Belgium. Tortured by pagans, his tongue was torn out to stop his preaching; legend says tongue continued to preach on its own. Martyr.
- in the British Isles
- “Saint Livinus“. CatholicSaints.Info. 11 November 2010. Web. 30 November 2015. <>