- Emmanuel Le Van Phung
Married layman in the apostolic vicariate of West Cochinchina (in modern Vietnam). Father and catechist; he built a church, a convent for the Daughters of Mary, a home for missionaries, and a college. Arrested on 7 January 1859 in the persecutions of emperor Tu-Duc for the crime of harboring a priest. While in prison, Emmanuele continued to urge his family to cling to their faith and show charity to the persecutors. Martyr.
- “Saint Emanuele Lê Van Phung“. CatholicSaints.Info. 10 July 2015. Web. 5 December 2016. <>