- Bertha of Val d’Or
Married to Saint Gundebert of Gumber. When Gundebert retired to a monastery in Ireland, Bertha became Benedictine nun. Founder and abbess of the convent at Avenay in the diocese of Châlons-sur-Marne, France. When a drought hit the region, a vision of Saint Peter the Apostle led her to a spring of water which became a healing well. Widowed, she was murdered by her in-laws for distributing Gumbert’s estate to the poor, and is considered a martyr.
- “Saint Bertha of Avenay“. CatholicSaints.Info. 11 April 2009. Web. 25 August 2016. <>