Practical Explanation and Application of Bible History – The Punishment of the Sin of Our First Parents and the Promise of a Redeemer

The Punishment for Disobedience

What does this lesson relate?

  • It relates how God punished the sin of our first parents and promised a Redeemer.

Whom did God punish?

  • God punished the serpent, the devil, Adam and Eve.

Why did God punish the serpent?

  • God punished the serpent because it was the instrument which Satan employed to tempt man to sin.

How did God punish the serpent?

  • God said to the serpent: “Because thou hast done this thing thou art cursed among all cattle and beasts of the earth: upon thy breast shalt thou go, and earth shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.”

Must we conclude from these words that the serpent walked upright before it was cursed?

  • No, it may have crawled before the curse just as it does now, but its crawling from that time was the sign that it was cursed.

Can you give a similar example in the Old Testament?

  • Yes; the rainbow did not appear for the first time after the Deluge, but from that time it became the sign of a covenant between God and man.

Why did God punish Satan?

  • God punished Satan because he tempted Adam and Eve.

How did He punish Satan?

  • He said: “I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed; she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel.”

Who are the seed of Satan?

  • All evil spirits and those who are hardened in sin are the seed of Satan.

Who is the seed of the woman?

  • Jesus Christ, the Son of God, horn in time of the Virgin Mary, is the seed of the woman.

What was the punishment inflicted on Satan?

  • The punishment inflicted on Satan was the victory which Mary was to win over him.

In what did the victory of Mary over Satan consist?

  • The victory of Mary over Satan consisted:
    • In her being free from original sin, and all actual sin;
    • In giving birth to the Redeemer, who, by His death and resurrection, broke the power of sin and Satan.

Is it true that original sin was inherited by all?

  • No, there is one exception, the Blessed Virgin Mary.

When do we celebrate the Feast of the Immaculate Conception?

  • We celebrate the Feast of the Immaculate Conception on the eighth of December.

Where did God first promise a Redeemer?

  • God first promised a Redeemer in the garden of paradise.

To whom did He promise a Redeemer?

  • He promised a Redeemer to our first parents.

When did He promise a Redeemer?

  • God promised a Redeemer when He said that He would place enmities between Satan and Mary, between Satan’s seed and the seed of Mary.

Which attribute of God does this manifest?

  • It manifests His mercy.

What do we mean when we say God is merciful?

  • When we say God is merciful, we mean that He is always ready to pardon the truly penitent sinner.

What would have happened to man if God had not had mercy on him?

  • If God had not had mercy on man he would have been excluded forever from heaven.

How long was it before the promise of a Redeemer was fulfilled?

  • It was about four thousand years.

Is there anything in the liturgy of the Church which reminds us of this time?

  • Yes, the four weeks of Advent remind us of the four thousand years before the promise of a Redeemer was fulfilled.

Did the just in the Old Testament pray for a Redeemer?

  • Yes, they prayed: “Drop down dew, ye heavens, from above, and let the clouds rain the just; let the earth be opened and lead forth a Saviour.”

Whom did Adam blame for his sin?

  • He blamed Eve. He said: “The woman whom Thou gavest me to he my companion, gave me of the tree, and I did eat.”

And whom did Eve blame?

  • Eve blamed the serpent. She said: “The serpent deceived me, and I did eat.”

How did God punish Eve?

  • God said to Eve: “In sorrow shalt thou bring forth children.”

How did God punish Adam?

  • God said to Adam: “Cursed is the earth in thy work: with labor and toil shalt thou eat thereof all the days of thy life; in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return to the earth, out of which thou wast taken.”

In what did Adam’s temporal punishment consist?

  • Adam’s temporal punishment was twofold:
    • The earth no longer brought forth fruit of itself, but Adam had to work hard to make it yield a living
    • He was doomed to sickness and death.

Which attribute of God does this manifest?

  • It manifests His justice.

What do we mean when we say God is faithful?

  • When we say God is faithful we mean that He keeps His promises and carries out His threats.

Of whom is Adam a type?

  • Adam is a type of Jesus Christ.

How is Adam a type of Jesus Christ?

  • Adam is the head of the whole human race in the natural order, Christ is the head of the human race in the supernatural order; Adam, by his sin, lost us heaven, Christ, by His victory, regained it for us; through Adam, sin and death entered the world, through Christ, grace and life eternal.

What should we learn from this lesson?

  • We should learn from it to look on sin as the greatest evil and to think frequently of death.

At what time especially does the Church remind us of death?

  • The Church reminds us of death especially on Ash Wednesday, when she strews ashes on our head.

MLA Citation

  • Father John J Nash, DD. “The Creation of the World, and the Institution of the Sabbath”. Practical Explanation and Application of Bible History, 1902. CatholicSaints.Info. 25 May 2018. Web. 15 November 2018. <>