Practical Explanation and Application of Bible History – The Creation of the First Man. Paradise. The Creation of Eve

Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden

What does this lesson relate?

  • It relates that God created man, placed him in the garden of paradise, and gave him a commandment.

On what day did God create man?

  • God created man on the sixth day.

What did God do just before He created man?

  • Just before God created man, He said: “Let us make man to our image and likeness; and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth.”

What do the words “let us make” imply?

  • They imply that the three divine Persons consulted with each other before creating man.

Why are they represented as consulting with each other?

  • They are represented as consulting with each other, because man is superior to the other animals.

Why is man superior to the other creatures of God?

  • Man is superior to the other creatures of God, because he has an immortal soul.

How did God create the first man?

  • He formed his body of the slime of the earth, and breathed into it an immortal soul.

Whose image is the soul?

  • The soul is the image of God.

How is the soul the image of God?

  • The soul is the image of God because it has a natural and supernatural likeness to God.

In what does the natural likeness consist?

  • The natural likeness consists in the soul being immortal, and endowed with understanding and free will.

In what does the supernatural likeness consist?

  • The supernatural likeness consists in the soul being adorned with sanctifying grace.

Did the first man possess any other gifts?

  • Yes, he also possessed what is called preternatural gifts.

Name them.

  • He was endowed with great knowledge
  • He was free from concupiscence
  • His body was not subject to suffering or death

What do we mean by concupiscence?

  • By concupiscence we mean the leaning of the will towards exterior things against our better judgment.

Why are these gifts called preternatural?

  • They are called preternatural, not supernatural, because they do not raise man to a higher order, but tend to perfect him in the natural order.

Were these gifts intended only for the first man?

  • No, they were intended also for all his descendants.

Who was the first man?

  • The first man was Adam, which means man from the earth.

Where did the first man live?

  • He lived in paradise, a most beautiful garden.

Why did God place Adam in a garden of paradise?

  • God placed Adam in a garden of paradise that he might till the soil and be happy, and thus gain a fore-taste of the happiness that awaited him in the heavenly paradise.

How was Adam to gain the heavenly paradise?

  • Adam was to gain the heavenly paradise by standing a test.

In what did this test consist?

  • It consisted in keeping one commandment.

What was the commandment?

  • God said to Adam: “Of every tree of paradise thou shalt eat, but of the tree of knowledge of good and evil thou shalt not eat; for in what day soever thou shalt eat of it, thou shalt die the death.”

Was it difficult to keep this commandment?

  • No, it was easy for Adam to resist all temptation, as his will was not yet prone to evil.

Did God give a companion to Adam?

  • Yes, He gave him Eve for a companion.

How did God create the first woman?

  • God caused a deep sleep to come over Adam, took one of his ribs and formed a woman of it.

Why did God form Eve from a rib of Adam?

  • God formed Eve from a rib of Adam to signify the attachment that should exist between man and wife.

What does the word “Eve” mean?

  • “Eve” means mother of the living.

Who instituted marriage?

  • God Himself instituted marriage.

When and where did God institute marriage?

  • God instituted marriage in the garden of paradise when He led Eve to Adam.

What follows from the fact that God joined man and wife in one flesh?

  • It follows from this, that marriage can never be dissolved. (Matthew 9:6)

How did Christ our Lord sanctify marriage?

  • Christ sanctified marriage by raising it to the dignity of a sacrament, and making it a type of the union between Himself and His Church.

What should we learn from this lesson?

  • We should learn from it never to stain our soul, the image of its Creator, with mortal sin.

MLA Citation

  • Father John J Nash, DD. “The Creation of the World, and the Institution of the Sabbath”. Practical Explanation and Application of Bible History, 1902. CatholicSaints.Info. 23 May 2018. Web. 27 May 2019. <>