Bishop of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; born Prachatitz, Bohemia, 28 March 1811; died Philadelphia, 5 January 1860. He entered the seminary of Budweis but before his ordination came to America, 1836; was ordained by Bishop Dubois of New York, and devoted four years to missionary labors in western New York. In 1840 he joined the Redemptorist Order; served as superior of that order in Pittsburgh, and in 1846 was made vice-provincial of the Redemptorists in America. Elevated to the See of Philadelphia, 1852, he worked indefatigably to promote education in his diocese, and to minister to the spiritual and material welfare of his flock. He was prominent at the Council of Baltimore, 1852. Noted for his devotion to the Blessed Sacrament, he was the first American bishop to introduce the Forty Hours devotion into his diocese, 1853. The Cause of his canonization was introduced in 1896; he was beatified in 1963, canonized in 1977. Feast, 5 January.
- “Saint John Nepomucene Neumann”. . CatholicSaints.Info. 26 August 2013. Web. 27 May 2015. <>