Confessor, Bishop of Lincoln, born Avalon, Burgundy, c.1135; died London, England, 1200. He entered the Augustinian monastery at Villard-Benoit near Grenoble and, c.1159, was made prior of Saint Maximin near Avalon. About four years later he became a Carthusian, and in 1180 was sent as prior to Witham, Somerset, England. He was consecrated Bishop of Lincoln, 1181, and at once began his reforming work. His episcopate was a model; conspicuous for his unbounded charity to the poor, he was also a protector of the Jews, and vigorously opposed the unjust taxation of Richard I. He built the Gothic cathedral of Lincoln. Sent as ambassador to France he concluded a treaty of peace between France and England. The Carthusians honor him only second to Saint Bruno and the great modern Charterhouse at Parkminster, Sussex, is dedicated to him. Canonized, 1220. Relics at Lincoln. Feast, 17 November.