(3rd century) First Bishop of Trier. According to an ancient legend he was one of the 72 disciples of Christ and with his companions, Maternus and Valerius, was sent as bishop to Gaul. When they arrived at Alsace, Maternus died, whereupon the survivors hastened back to Saint Peter who sent Eucharius his pastoral staff, with which he raised the dead man to life. For this reason the staff has become the distinctive mark of an envoy, especially a missionary. Eucharius subsequently founded the See of Trier, becoming its first bishop. At present it is believed that the first missionaries came to Trier not earlier than 250. A basilica was built over his tomb in the catacomb of Saint Matthias. Feast, 8 December.