New Catholic Dictionary – Pope Stephen (VIII) IX

Article

(939-942), born Rome; died there. A cardinal-priest, after his election he supported the declining Carlovingian dynasty and forced the nobles, by threats of excommunication, to be faithful to the Frankish king, Louis IV. His pontificate was troubled by a war in Italy between Alberic and Hugh of Provence.

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Stephen (VIII) IX”. New Catholic Dictionary. CatholicSaints.Info. 16 October 2012. Web. 17 December 2017. <http://catholicsaints.info/pope-stephen-viii-ix/>