New Catholic Dictionary – Pope Alexander III

Pope Alexander IIIArticle

Reigned from 7 September 1159 to 30 August 1181. Born c.1100 in Siena, Italy as Orlando Bandinelli; died Civita Castellana, Italy. He was a canonist, cardinal-priest, and papal chancellor. Elected pope almost unanimously, he was opposed with violence by the anti-pope, Cardinal Octavian, the imperial candidate, and took refuge in Anagni, Italy. He excommunicated Emperor Frederick I, who submitted after seventeen years, and in England upheld the rights for which Saint Thomas Becket suffered martyrdom, finally exacting them from King Henry II. He convoked the third Lateran Council in 1170.

MLA Citation

  • “Pope Alexander III”. New Catholic Dictionary. CatholicSaints.Info. 9 August 2017. Web. 23 November 2017. <>