Martyr, born London, England, 1540; died Tyburn, England, 1581. After a brilliant career at Oxford, he was favored by Elizabeth, and, although a Catholic, took the oath of supremacy and deacon’s orders according to the new rite. Unable to acquiesce fully to the doctrines of the Reformation, he left Oxford and entered the seminary at Douai, 1573. He later joined the Society of Jesus at Rome. He was sent to England to reclaim wavering or temporizing Catholics. An alarm was raised against him, and he was obliged to seek refuge in the north. While in hiding he wrote his famous tract “Ten Reasons.” He was captured, subjected to examination under torture, and finally granted his request for a public disputation in which he was victorious, although denied opportunity for preparation. A farcical trial resulted in his condemnation and execution. Historians agree that the charges of treason made against him were fictitious. Beatified, 1886. Relics at Prague, London, Oxford, Stonyhurst, and Roehampton. Feast, 28 November.