So named from Macedonius, an Arian Bishop of Constantinople in 342 whose followers denied the Divinity of the Holy Ghost. The Macedonians are usually identified with the Pneumatomachi, or Combators of the Holy Spirit. Unlike their founder, the majority of the Macedonians admitted the consubstantiality of the Son. The heresy was combated by Saint Athanasius of Alexandria, Saint Basil the Great, Saint Gregory of Nyssa, Saint Gregory of Nazianzus, and condemned by the first Council of Constantinople in 381. Due to internal discord and the severity of the Theodosian Code, the sect soon disappeared from history. It was owing to some of the Latin Fathers, in particular Saint Jerome and Saint Augustine of Hippo, that the term “Macedonianism” became the preferred designation for this heresy in the West.
- “Macedonianism”. . CatholicSaints.Info. 11 August 2009. Web. 8 July 2015. <>