Irish Nationalist leader. Educated at Clongowes and at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. Practised law in England and Ireland. He was the Parliamentary representative for New Ross from 1881 to 1885, for North Wexford from 1885 to 1891, and for Waterford City from 1891 until his death. Elected chairman of the Irish Parliamentary Party in 1900, he introduced a bill to repeal the oath and the test acts, and rallied the Catholics to the defense of their schools. He was one of the most eloquent politicians of his time, and published .