Surgeon; born Appleton, Wisconsin, 21 December 1857; died Mackinac Island, Michigan, 11 August 1916. This surgical genius sustained his reputation by his numerous writings and clinical lectures. Made known first by the “Murphy Button,” a mechanical device that linked together severed ends of intestines He was professor in Chicago’s best medical schools and head of the staff of Mercy Hospital. When President Roosevelt was shot by a maniac in Milwaukee, he had himself brought to Mercy Hospital, Chicago, to be treated by Dr Murphy. He was at that time acclaimed both at home and abroad “the greatest clinical teacher of the day.” He was awarded Laetare Medal, 1902, and in 1916 Pope Benedict XV made him Knight Commander of the Order of Saint Gregory.