Catholic Encyclopedia – Saint Ninian

Article

(Ninias, Ninus, Dinan, Ringan, Ringen)

Bishop and confessor; date of birth unknown; died about 432; the first Apostle of Christianity in Scotland. The earliest account of him is in Bede: “the southern Picts received the true faith by the preaching of Bishop Ninias, a most reverend and holy man of the British nation, who had been regularly instructed at Rome in the faith and mysteries of the truth; whose episcopal see, named after Saint Martin the Bishop, and famous for a church dedicated to him (wherein Ninias himself and many other saints rest in the body), is now in the possession of the English nation. The place belongs to the province of the Bernicians and is commonly called the White House [Candida Casa], because he there built a church of stone, which was not usual amongst the Britons”. The facts given in this passage form practically all we know of Saint Ninian’s life and work.

The most important later life, compiled in the twelfth century by Saint Ælred, professes to give a detailed account founded on Bede and also on a “liber de vita et miraculis eius” (sc. Niniani) “barbarice scriptus”, but the legendary element is largely evident. He states, however, that while engaged in building his church at Candida Casa, Ninian heard of the death of Saint Martin and decided to dedicate the building to him. Now Saint Martin died about 397, so that the mission of Ninian to the southern Picts must have begun towards the end of the fourth century. Saint Ninian founded at Whithorn a monastery which became famous as a school of monasticism within a century of his death; his work among the southern Picts seems to have had but a short lived success. Saint Patrick, in his epistle to Coroticus, terms the Picts “apostates”, and references to Ninian’s converts having abandoned Christianity are found in Sts. Columba and Kentigern. The body of Saint Ninian was buried in the church at Whithorn (Wigtownshire), but no relics are now known to exist. The “Clogrinny”, or bell of Saint Ringan, of very rough workmanship, is in the Antiquarian Museum at Edinburgh.

MLA Citation

  • Gilbert Huddleston. “Saint Ninian”. Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913. CatholicSaints.Info. 13 September 2014. Web. 19 November 2018. <>