Ordained on 4 March 1871; Augustinian. Apostolic Delegate to United States of America and Titular Archbishop of Ephesus on 18 April 1896. Elevated to Cardinal on 15 April 1901. Cardinal–Priest of San Agostino on 9 June 1902. Participated in the 1903 conclave that elected Pope Saint Pius X. Prefect of the Congregation of Rites on 8 February 1909.