Studied at the Seminary of Bingerville, Ivory Coast, at the Grand Seminary of Nancy, France, in Sébikotane, Sénégal, and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, Italy. Ordained on 20 July 1969 in the Archdiocese of Conakry, Guinea. Archbishop of Conakry on 13 August 1979. Secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples on 1 October 2001. President of the Pontifical Council “Cor Unum”, which organises Catholic relief to the poor around the world, on 7 October 2010. Created Cardinal–Deacon of San Giovanni Bosco in via Tuscolana on 20 November 2010.