Ordained in the diocese of Southwark, England on 11 June 1884. Coadjutor Bishop of Southwark and Titular Bishop of Epiphania in Cilicia on 27 March 1896. Bishop of Southwark on 9 April 1897. Archbishop of Westminster, England on 11 September 1903. Cardinal–Priest of San Pudenziana on 27 November 1911. Participated in the 1914 conclave that elected Pope Benedict XV. Participated in the 1922 conclave that elected Pope Pius XI.