Some were tortured with melted lead poured upon them, others with sharp reeds thrust under their nails, and such like inventions, several times repeated: at length they various ways completed their martyrdom.
- Father Alban Butler. “Martyrs of Pontus, under Dioclesian”. , 1866. CatholicSaints.Info. 4 February 2013. Web. 24 March 2017. <>