(Saint) (June 29) (1st century) Simon Peter, the Fisherman of Galilee, was called with Andrew, his brother, the first of the Apostles, and left by Christ to be the Rock on which His Church had to be built. As Vicar of His Lord, he was the First of the Popes. The Gospels tell us of his threefold denial and of his repentance. He presided over the Council of the Apostles at Jerusalem (Acts 15), and was the inspired writer of two canonical Epistles. He established the seat of the Papacy, first at Antioch, and afterwards in Rome, where he suffered martyrdom (being crucified, it is said, head downwards) under Nero, June 29, A.D. 67. His shrine is in Saint Peter’s, Rome. Three Feasts besides that of his Martyrdom are kept by the Church: that of his chains and miraculous deliverance from prison; that of His Chair at Antioch; and that of His Chair in Rome.
- Monks of Ramsgate. “Peter the Apostle”. , 1921. CatholicSaints.Info. 28 June 2016. Web. 24 March 2017. <>