(Saint) (July 31) (16th century) The Founder of the Society of Jesus. Born at Loyola in the Basque Province of Guipuzcoa (Spain), he left the Royal Court to become a soldier; but, grievously wounded at the siege of Pampeluna, turned on his recovery to the more arduous service of the Militant Church. For this he prepared himself by a Retreat at Our Lady’s Monastery of Monserrat, leaving there his sword and coming forth armed with his famous Book of Spiritual Exercises. He set about his studies at Paris, where he gathered his first companions and laid the foundations of his Order. This was approved by Pope Paul III and by the Council of Trent, to which his sons were of invaluable help. Its mission was from the outset the battling with Protestantism and the stirring up of the Faithful to a higher spiritual life. Many were the sinners Saint Ignatius himself recalled to God; manifold the works of piety and charity to which he gave an impulse. Working always for the greater glory of God, he passed away in Rome in the sixty- fifth year of his age, with the name of Jesus on his lips (July 31, A.D. 1556), and was buried in the Gesu, chief church of the Society. He was canonised by Pope Gregory XV, A.D. 1622.
- Monks of Ramsgate. “Ignatius of Loyola”. , 1921. CatholicSaints.Info. 9 September 2013. Web. 18 April 2015. <>