DAMASUS (Saint) Pope. (December 11) (4th century) “An incomparable man” (so Saint Jerome styles him), “the Virgin Doctor of the Virgin Church.” Of Spanish extraction, but born in Rome, he attended Pope Liberius in exile, and was in constant communion with Saint Athanasius. He succeeded Liberius (A.D. 366), but had to struggle against an Anti-Pope, Ursinus, whose rebellion was finally crushed, not without bloodshed, by the Emperor Valentinian. Saint Damasus held Councils in Rome against the Arians and Apollinarians. A cultured man (as is seen from Ids verses) he was the great patron of Saint Jerome, who under his direction re-translated into Latin or revised the current versions of Holy Scripture. Saint Damasus is famous for having restored and beautified in Rome the tombs of the holy Martyrs. His share in the development of the Roman Liturgy, mainly by the introduction of certain elements borrowed from the Eastern Rites, was considerable. He died nearly eighty years old, A.D. 364, and was buried in one of the two important churches he had built in honour of Saint Laurence the Martyr.