BRUNO (Saint) (October 6) (11th century) The founder of the Carthusian Order, born at Cologne about A.D. 1030. After being Chancellor and Canon Theologian of Rheims Cathedral, he retired with others to the solitude known as the Grande Chartreuse, where they were welcomed by Saint Hugh, Bishop of Grenoble, thus laying the foundations of their Order, which is flourishing even in the present century. Pope Urban II, a former disciple of Saint Bruno, summoned him to Rome to be his Councillor. He obeyed, but shortly after, refusing the Episcopal See of Reggio, retired into the mountains of Calabria, where he assembled a community of monks and resumed the life of the Grande Chartreuse. He died there A.D. 1101, and five hundred years later was canonised by Pope Gregory XV. He wrote Commentaries on the Psalter and on the Epistles of Saint Paul. The emblems artists associate with him are a crucifix with leaves and flowers, a star on his breast, a globe under his feet, a chalice with the Sacred Host, etc. etc.