BONAVENTURE (Saint) Bishop, Doctor (July 14) of the Church. (13th century) Known as the “Seraphic Doctor”. Born A.D 1231, at Bagnorea in Tuscany, he entered, at the age of twenty, the Order of Saint Francis. He studied and afterwards taught at Paris, in company of Saint Thomas Aquinas. After being General of his Order, he was created by Pope Gregory X Cardinal Bishop of Albano. He died during the General Council of Lyons (A.D. 1274), and was canonised two hundred years later, becoming a Doctor of the Church a century later. Besides noble Commentaries on Holy Scripture and on the work of the Master of Sentences (the theological and philosophical text-book in use in his age), we have from the pen of Saint Bonaventure many ascetical and mystical treatises, and a touchingly beautiful Life of Saint Francis of Assisi, the Founder of his Order. Clement IV had chosen him for the Archbishopric of York; and only the humility of the Saint hindered the English people from being able to number the “Seraphic Doctor” among their national glories.