ARCHELAUS (Saint) Bishop (December 26) (3rd century) A Bishop of Cascus (Charchar) in Mesopotamia, well known for his pastoral zeal and for his talents and eloquence. A widely propagated story has it that, about A.D. 250, Saint Archelaus held a public dispute with the heretic Manes, author of Manicheeism. He utterly discomfited his adversary; but the dispute was afterwards renewed, always with the same result. Saint Archelaus has left valuable writings on the controversy with the Manichees; and Saint Jerome on that account numbers him among prominent Ecclesiastical writers. Saint Archelaus died about A.D. 280.