ANSELM OF CANTERBURY (Saint) (April 21) Bishop, Doctor of the Church. (11th century) Born of noble parents at Aosta in Piedmont (A.D. 1033), he gave early proof of exceptional talents. Owing to a disagreement with his father he left Italy in his youth for France, and on the latter’s death, became a monk of Bee in Normandy, where later he succeeded Prior Lanfranc and Abbot Herluin in their respective charges. In the year 1093 he accepted the Archbishopric of Canterbury, but four years later, on account of his resistance to the tyranny of William Rufus, was driven into exile. He returned to France and thence passed into Italy, where he assisted at several Councils and did much good work for the Church. On the death of King William Rufus, he came back to Canterbury at the invitation of the new king, Henry I. But the claim of that monarch to invest Bishops with their Sees was met by Anselm with unflinching opposition. Hence, a second exile, terminated by a triumphant return (A.D. 1106). Saint Anselm died in the year 1109. His life was written by the monk Eadmer. His works are numerous, and he is especially to be noted as the forerunner in Theology and Metaphysics of the Scholastics of the succeeding centuries. In ability and learning he was far in advance of the uncultured age in which his lot was cast.