bell, book, and candle

Article

Symbols used in the greater excommunication in the Church in medieval times. After the sentence of excommunication was read the book was closed, a lighted candle was thrown to the ground, and the bell tolled, as for one dead.

MLA Citation

  • “bell, book, and candle”. New Catholic Dictionary. CatholicSaints.Info. 8 August 2013. Web. 26 September 2017. <>